The sun, eight planets, moons, numerous dwarf planets (or plutoids), an asteroid belt, comets, meteors, and other objects make up our solar system. Our solar system revolves around the sun, with the planets, their moons, a belt of asteroids, comets, and other rocks and gas orbiting the sun. 

How far are all the planets from the Sun?

Distance of Sun, Moon and planets from the earth

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are the eight planets that orbit the sun, in order of their distance from the Sun. Pluto, now categorized as a dwarf planet or plutoid, is another huge body. Between Mars and Jupiter is a belt of asteroids (minor planets comprised of rock and metal). Except for Pluto, which has an elliptical orbit tilted nearly 17 degrees from the ecliptic, all of these objects orbit the sun in roughly circular orbits that lie in the same plane, the ecliptic.

Everything in the Universe is traveling at different speeds, ranging from a few kilometers/miles per second to more than 200 kilometers/miles per second, with space itself expanding faster than the speed of light, which is 299,792 kilometers/miles per second.

Most of the things in our universe appear to be floating away from us, while others, such as the Andromeda Galaxy, appear to be closing in on us, but let us examine the celestial objects in our immediate proximity, such as the Sun.

What is the Distance Between the Sun and the Earth?

When it comes to space, we use various measurements, and when it comes to distance, we use astronomical units.

The Sun is 1 astronomical unit (AU) away from Earth, which is the equivalent of 150 million kilometers / 93 million miles. The Sun is 0.00001581 light-years away in light-years, while it is 8.20 light-minutes away in light-minutes, or 500 light-seconds away in light-seconds.

The Sun is 150.4 billion meters away from Earth if we measure distance in meters. The Earth revolves around the Sun once every 365.3 days, while planets further away, such as Mars, round the Sun once every 687 days. Mars is 1.5 AU from the Sun, which translates to 227.94 million kilometers / 141.70 million miles.

The distance varies as the Earth revolves around the Sun, with the closest point to the Sun – perihelion – reaching 147.5 million km / 91.3 million mi.

The Earth’s farthest point from the Sun, known as aphelion, is roughly 152 million km (94.5 million mi) away from the Sun, or just over 1 AU away.

What is the distance of the moon from the Earth?

The moon is the brightest and closest celestial body visible in our night sky. Its presence and closeness serve a critical role in enabling life on Earth. Earth’s wobble on its axis is stabilized by the moon’s gravitational pull, resulting in a stable climate.

The orbit of the moon around Earth is elliptical. The moon comes as close as 225,623 miles to Earth at perigee, its closest approach (363,104 kilometers). The moon is 252,088 miles (405,696 kilometers) from Earth at apogee, its farthest point. The average distance between Earth and the moon is 238,855 miles (384,400 km). “That means 30 Earth-sized planets may fit between Earth and the moon,” NASA said.

What is the distance of Mercury from the Earth?

Our two planets can vary their distance greatly since Mercury orbits the Sun and takes a very elliptical path on its journey around the Sun.

Astronomers refer to Mercury’s closest approach to Earth as opposition (from the point of view of Mercury). This would occur when Mercury is the farthest away from the Sun and Earth is the closest. When this happens, the distance between Mercury and Earth will be only 77 million kilometers (48 million miles).

When Earth is at its furthest point from the Sun and Mercury is at its furthest position on the other side of the Sun, their maximum distance occurs. The three objects are then perfectly aligned. Mercury and Earth are 222 million kilometers (138 million miles) distant at this time.

What is the distance of Venus from the Earth?

The distance between Venus and Earth changes depending on their orbital positions. The distance between them is 38 million kilometers at their closest distance and 261 million kilometers at their farthest distance. It fluctuates depending on the two planets’ orbital positions. The average distance is approximately 26 million miles, whereas the closest distance is approximately 24 million miles.

With Venus at its farthest from the Sun and Earth at its closest, the closest approach would be 39.5 million kilometers (23.6 million miles). This is a once-in-a-lifetime incident. Venus makes the closest approach to Earth of any planet when it lies between the Earth and the Sun, a position known as “inferior conjunction.” It lies at a distance of 41 million kilometers at inferior conjunction.

What is the distance of Mars from the Earth?

The minimum distance is about 54,500,000 kilometers (34 million miles). The Earth has never been further away from the Sun than 152 million kilometers, while Mars has never been closer to the Sun than 207 million kilometers.

When Earth and Mars are directly in line with the Sun, they may be a little less than 55 million kilometers (34 million miles) apart. The most recent close approach was in 2003 when they were 56 million kilometers apart.

What is the distance of Jupiter from the Earth?

Because all of the planets revolve around, the distance between them is constantly changing. Jupiter is 715 million kilometers (444 million miles) from Earth on average. Jupiter and Earth are 588 million kilometers / 365 million miles apart at their closest moments. Jupiter and Earth are 968 million kilometers / 601 million miles apart at their farthest reaches.

What is the distance of Saturn from the Earth?

Every day, the answer to the question “how far is Saturn from Earth?” changes. As the planets travel along their orbital trajectories, they get closer and closer to each other. For the purpose of simplicity, when Saturn and the Earth are at their closest approach, they are separated by 1.2 billion kilometers, or around 7 AU.

When they’re at their furthest apart, they’re 1.67 billion kilometers apart, or around 11 AU. When Saturn and Earth are on the same side of the Sun and at similar points in their orbits, they are the closest. When they are on opposing sides of the Sun, they are the furthest apart.

What is the distance of Uranus from the Earth?

Uranus can travel to Earth at a distance of around 2.57 billion kilometers. When Uranus is at its closest approach to Earth, the three objects, the Sun, Earth, and Uranus, are aligned. The distance between the earth and Uranus increases to 3.15 billion kilometers when they are on opposite sides of the sun.

What is the distance of Neptune from the Earth?

It’s a bit of a trick question, actually. This is due to the fact that the distance between Neptune and Earth varies depending on where they are in their orbits around the Sun. It gets even more difficult because both Earth and Neptune have elliptical orbits around the Sun.

They both have a perihelion (closest to the Sun) and an aphelion (furthest from the Sun). When Earth and Neptune are on the same side of the Sun, the closest point occurs. The Earth is the furthest away from the Sun, whereas Neptune is the nearest. Earth and Neptune are only 4.301 billion kilometers apart at this time.

Earth and Neptune are on different sides of the Sun at their farthest stages in their orbits, on opposite sides of the Sun. Earth and Neptune are 4.553 billion kilometers apart at this time.